D)Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. Definition. chunking. D)It is a limited type of memory 3. 1-18. Only when participants were asked to answer true/false questions about the items and the backgrounds—a manipulation designed to affect both overt attention and poststimulus elaboration—was there a reduction in selective emotional item memory due to an increase in background memory. Describe an example of your initial decision time and recognition performance for each of the following levels: structural coding, phonemic coding, and semantic coding. Which of the following is true of algorithms and heuristics used for solving real-life problems? 2. b. Teratogens always result in observable birth defects, such as facial or limb deformities. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? They will help you better understand how repressed, recovered, or suggested memories may occur and what you can do if you or a family member is concerned about a childhood memory. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? I’m sure you’ve been to a party where you’ve been introduced to someone and then — maybe only seconds later — you realize that you do not remember the person’s name. 33. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Both are sensory memories. in the context of memory encoding, which of the following statements is true of mental imagery? It involves forming opinions based on prior experiences. B. Finally, using visual imagery is one of the most powerful ways to make memories distinctive. Which of the following is true with regard to the way coping styles relate to depression? Pavio’s dual-code hypothesis claims that memory for pictures is better than memory for words because pictures—at least those that can be named—are stored as both image codes and verbal codes. Typically, higher levels of elaboration are linked with better memory performance. D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. It is a type of short-term memory. Time frame of a fraction of a section to several seconds: Term. Question 32 2 out of 2 points. Emma recounting the events in a movie that she saw last Friday. Memory involves three separate systems; sensory memory, short-term memory, and long term memory: Term. B. The ________ is the tendency to recall the items at the beginning and end of a list more readily than those in the middle. While this is true, and we hope further research will investigate the roles of other factors than the character of the information in memory (such as source memory), our study still provides important insights on the organization of information in semantic memory by examining memorability in the sense of “all else being equal”. people's decisions are likely to be biased because they tend to seek out and listen to others whose views confirm their views while they avoid those with dissenting views. Knowledge about how to swim is most likely to be stored in long-term memory as which of the following? Topic Elaboration Feedback Memory Encoding 204 8 Which of the following is true, 1 out of 1 people found this document helpful. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Personal elaboration B) Meaningful encoding C) Spreading activation D) Dual coding. representation of the average or ideal member for a concept. D. chunking the information in his memory. Multiple choice exams involve testing a student's ________ abilities, whereas essay exams involve testing ________ abilities. Which of the following is true of short-term memory? B) It occurs when the strength of a memory deteriorates over time because of the presence of other memories that compete with it. B)There is no link between brain activity and elaboration during encoding. Working memory has a limited capacity whereas long-term memory has almost unlimited capacity. 9. In what follows, we first report effects of refreshing and of elaboration on immediate memory, followed by the effects of these two processing manipulations on delayed memory. Which of the following is TRUE regarding short-term memory? Second, long term memory which is broken down further into semantic memory (facts) and episodic memory (specific events). d. 8. The more elaborate the processing of a stimulus, the weaker the memory … According to ________ there are three forms of intelligence, whereas according to ________ there are nine types of intelligence. This preview shows page 2 - 3 out of 3 pages. D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Selected Answer: Elaboration. C. Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. During the last few months of pregnancy, teratogens have minimal impact on the fetus. 10. In the context of memory and retrieval, which of the following statements is true of interference? Which of the following is true of short-term memory? Deep, elaborate processing weakens the process of remembering. It is improved by chunking and rehearsal techniques. It entails visualizing material that one wants to remember in ways that create a lasting portrait. For example, people could associate the new material with previously learned material, with an anecdote from their own lives, with a striking example, or with a movie they recently saw. Question 12 options: It is made up of explicit and implicit memory. Which of the following is exemplified in this scenario? These principles should be used in designing learning and memory tasks for these students. c.The effects of exposure to drugs or alcohol are universal and are the same for each person. What is the Atkinson-Shiffrin Theory? answer choices . Memory (Latin, memoria; Greek, mneme) This canon includes all the methods and devices (including figures of speech) that can be used to aid and improve the memory. A.Consumers must allocate attention for sensory memory to be activated. Relating material to one's own experience is an effective way to elaborate on information. Which of the following describes the trait of a critical thinker. C.all of these choices are true D.Sensory memory has limited capacity. B)Elaboration is linked to diminished memory. Within explicit, or declarative, memory, there are three basic stages of memory processing. C. Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. o The process of elaboration is evident only in the mental activity of the brain. Carolina uses a prior strategy to solve her problems and fails to look at them from a fresh, new perspective. The following principles of memory are true for most people, including students with TBI. Oakton Community College, Skokie • PSY 101. The ability to listen to music while reading a magazine indicates. ________ refers to auditory sensory memory, whereas ________ refers to visual sensory memory. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? The concepts and research in elaboration and distinctiveness have modified the levels-of-processing theory. Encoding is the process by which we place the things that we experience into memory. Mary used the tactic of. Elaboration strategies connect information to be learned with information that students already know. What is sensory memory? Which of the following statements is true of inductive reasoning? Which of the following is TRUE regarding sensory memory? Which of the following statements is true of workbench memory? Which of the following is true of the physical characteristics of a message? elaboration. It emphasizes that shallow processing is the key step in memory retrieval. C)Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. Learning Objective: Explain how memories are eccoded. Elaboration involves associating the material being learned with other material. When asked to memorize the 15 letters, C I A C B S A B C F B I I R S, Mary reorganizes them into CIA, CBS, ABC, FBI, and IRS. Declarative knowledge. which of the following statements is true about algorithms? Unless information is encoded, it cannot be remembered. This is a characteristic of. Answer A. It holds perceptions of the world for just an instant. Sternberg's triarchic theory; Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, A six-year-old child with a mental age of 6 would have an IQ of. B.Sensory memory is very perishable and lasts only a very short time. A) It has unlimited duration. A) It elaborates on the issue of how well people can predict on the basis of attitudes. 2, lower panel). creating a huge spider web of links between some new information and everything you already know _____ of information is linked with neural activity, especially in the brain's left frontal lobe. In this scenario, Greta is most likely referring to the ________ of the Calibran language. Which of the following scenarios best illustrates the use of explicit memory? D. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. holds information temporarily while cognitive tasks are being performed. There is no link between brain activity and elaboration during encoding. The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. asked Dec 13, 2019 in Psychology by Amber. Your knowledge of the alphabet and multiplication tables is most likely to be stored in your ________ memory. According to the Atkinson-Shiffrin theory, which of the following memory systems has a time frame of up to 30 seconds? Incorporate Other Memory Strategies . C)It depends on the learning activities individuals engage in when learning and remembering information. It is a relatively permanent type of memory. The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. Definition. Concepts provide clues about how to react to a particular object or experience. Relating material to one's own experience is an effective way to elaborate on information. C)Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. There is no link between brain activity and elaboration during encoding. This was also true for delayed memory: Items that were processed again after encoding were better remembered than not-processed items (see Table 2 and Fig. Which of the following statements is true of the elaboration likelihood model? Adolescents are less likely to use elaboration spontaneously than children are. They come in different forms, such as formulas, instructions, and the testing of all possible solutions. 4. Which of the following statements is true about the Good Information-Processing model? Memory interacts with other cognitive functions: For example, the better one attends to incoming information, the better it will be encoded and later retrieved. For example, you might use mnemonics as a way to chunk different units of information. Which of the following is the first step in the problem-solving process? Intellectual disability is a condition of limited mental ability in which an individual has an IQ of ________ and has difficulty adapting to everyday life. C. Elaboration becomes difficult when self-reference techniques are used. lose past memories and the ability to acquire new memories will remain unaffected. First, short term or working memory. A)It is a volatile memory. Autobiographical memory (AM) provides the opportunity to study interactions among brain areas that support the search for a specific episodic memory (construction), and the later experience of mentally reliving it (elaboration). It refers to a continuum of memory processing. B. Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. _____ of information is linked with neural activity, especially in the brain's left frontal lobe. Not everything we experienc… 20. If a child's mental age is higher than his or her chronological age, this means that. 32. a. Which of the following statements is true about autobiographical memory? This connecting takes stress off of working memory, because connections create efficiency of learning and memory. Think of this as the focus of current attention, or what you are actively thinking about right now. Relating material to one's own experience is an effective way to elaborate on information. It is a special form of episodic memory. Importantly, for the repeatedly suggested (3-exposure) items, the main effect of elaboration type was highly reliable (F[2, 177] = 10.92, MSe = .14, p < .0001) and planned comparisons confirmed that the Conceptual Elaboration group made more false memory errors than the Perceptual Elaboration group, who in turn made more false memory errors than the No Elaboration group (all p’s … Which of the following is true of concepts? Which of the following is true of sensory memory? It asserts that deeper processing produces poorer memory. Explain the reasons for your performance. A. Identify a true statement about elaboration in memory. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. It maintains information for a few seconds or less. If you are going to the grocery store and need bananas, eggs, nectarines, and tea, you can create a word out of the first letters of each item you need: BENT. Sensory memory is typically reflected in the sights and sounds one encounters in daily life. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding long-term memory? A)Elaboration during encoding deactivates the hippocampus. Definition. Following are some questions and answers that reflect the best current knowledge about reported memories of childhood abuse. Which of the following is true of short-term memory? One way to process information deeply is to use a method called elaboration. _____ of information is linked with neural activity, especially in the brain's left frontal lobe. B) It has limited capacity. E.Information stored in sensory memory is coded with semantic coding. Which of the following is a similarity between echoic memory and iconic memory? B) It assesses the attitudes of people according to their specific behaviors. A)The less elaborate the processing within deep processing, the better the memory. D. It contains conscious thought, reasoning and perception Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Identify a true statement about elaboration in memory. A. When asked to memorize the 15 letters, C I A C B S A B C F B I I R S, Mary reorganizes them into CIA, CBS, ABC, FBI, and IRS. According to research, which of the following is an effective elaboration technique? APA Learning Outcome: 1.2 Develop a working knowledge of psychology’s content domains. Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? Multiple Choice. What is elaboration? It has a relatively large capacity. C. It receives information only from sensory memory. A. Elaboration during encoding deactivates the hippocampus. B)It increases considerably during early childhood but after the age of 7 does not show as much increase. ________ states that memory storage involves three separate systems: sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. A) It is reduced by repeatedly retrieving a particular information from memory. Save Question 12 (2 points) Which of the following is true of short-term memory? Which of the following is true of elaboration in memory? it is a limited capacity memory system. Of course it’s not really surprising that you can’t remember the name, because you probably were distracted and you never encoded the name to begin with. D)Elaboration can occur at any level of processing. Extensiveness of processing at any given level: Term. Roman rhetoricians made a distinction between natural memory (an innate ability) and artificial memory (particular techniques that enhanced natural abilities). ANS: Answer not provided. Which of the following statements about teratogens is true? A person suffering from retrograde amnesia will. B. Elaboration is linked to diminished memory. A person is most likely to store a seven-digit phone number in his or her _____ memory. 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